کتاب قدم زدن روی ماه با اینشتین

اثر جاشوا فوئر از انتشارات هورمزد - مترجم: گیتی قاسم زاده-علمی

Moonwalking with Einstein, Joshua Foer
عنوان: قدم زدن روی ماه با ااینشتین : علم حافظه، هنر به یاد سپردن همه چیز؛ جاشوا فوئر؛ مترجم: گیتی قاسم زاده؛ تهران، هورمزد، 1393، در 390 ص، شابک: 9786006958095؛ موضوع: تقویت حافظه قرن 20 م


خرید کتاب قدم زدن روی ماه با اینشتین
جستجوی کتاب قدم زدن روی ماه با اینشتین در گودریدز

معرفی کتاب قدم زدن روی ماه با اینشتین از نگاه کاربران
دنبال کردن تجربه یک ساله جاشوا فوئر برای تربیت حافظه ی خود بسیار خواندنی بود.فردی که برای گزارشگری مسابقات حافظه آمریکا میرود ولی سال بعد از قهرمانی در آن سر در می آورد. کتاب تحسین خیلی ها را بر انگیخته و هفته ها در لیست پرفروشترینهای نیوورک تایمز بوده . نمیخواهم توضیح زیادی از کتاب بنویسم ولی شیره کتاب این است که اگر بخواهی تو هم میتوانی اما باید سخت تمرین کنی آن هم آگاهانه و درست. این حس خوبی که از داستانهای کتاب و افراد گوناگونی که در کتاب ازشون نوشته شده،می گرفتم برای من خیلی لذت بخش بود. دوباره لینک تد سخنرانی جاشوا فوئر را می آورم که دوستان مشتاق بتوانند بهتر داستان را دنبال کنند
http://www.ted.com/talks/joshua_foer_...

مشاهده لینک اصلی
این کتاب هر چیزی که مربوط به حافظه و تکنیکهاش هست از تاریخچه اون تا روشهای مختلف و در خلالش بسیار روان تجربه یک ساله نویسنده رو از آماده سازی خودش برای مسابقات حافظه و تمام چاله چوله ها رو میگه.
در ضمن این کتاب اصلا شبیه کتابهای مضحک موفقیت و خودیاری نیست و سبک نوشتن کتاب خیلی گیرا و روان هست. در نهایت کتاب یک مفهومی رو در ذهن ایجاد میکنه که بسیار ارزشمند است.
در کل کتاب تمام جنبه های مربوط به تقویت حافظه و فلسفه پشت اونها رو بدون بزرگنمایی و بسیار رک بیان میکنه.

مشاهده لینک اصلی
This wasn’t a bad book – I quite enjoyed some of it and the author sometimes had me laughing in the way you can’t help but laugh the first time you see the last scene of the very first Star Wars movie.

About twenty years ago I first came across Tony Buzan. I read a couple of his books and even learnt enough of his methods to be able to memorise an entire weekly shopping list and to go around the supermarket without paper. The problem was that I quickly came to the conclusion that ‘learning’ has very little to do with ‘remembering’ – particularly when ‘remembering’ is defined as keeping strings of more or less unconnected facts in mind.

There is quite a lot of this book dedicated to watching the author learn to remember a deck of cards in a very short time. Perhaps, if I was a gambler, this might seem a much more worthwhile task. However, like too many memory feats, this just seems like a waste of life.

Part of this book talks about learning poetry by heart and how hard this can be. But he does say that at least with learning poetry by heart you can bring texts with you wherever you go. This is the desert island scenario, but rather than getting to choose a book to bring with you at the last minute, you in fact spend your life ensuring you always have favourites with you just in case. Now, this is a worthwhile thing to do, there is never a time when you can be bored if you can think your way through a great poem.

For years I used to memorise poems – I have, more or less by heart – poems such as The Second Coming, La Figlia Chi Piange (which I do with extravagant hand gestures) and have tried and failed for years to learn Sonnet 129 – the lists of nouns and the inversions trip me every time. But it all comes in handy eventually – I was talking to my mother the other day about growing older and was able to quote one of my remembered poems to her in full:

The cruel girls we loved
Are over forty,
Their subtle daughters
Have stolen their beauty;

And with a blue stare
Of cool surprise,
They mock their anxious mothers
With their mothers’ eyes.


(Now that I’ve checked my memory against the poem it seems I almost remembered it – but couldn’t quite remember what kind of surprise they had, I had it as cruel for a second time – and the line breaks I remembered as fewer – mine was a poem of four lines in total, but I still knew there was a big break between beauty and And.)

A couple of weeks ago my eldest daughter and I were walking around St Kilda talking about this and that. Now, St Kilda has lots of streets that are named after poets – and we came to Herbert Street and I told her it was probably named after George Herbert, a poet she didn’t know and so I started quoting The Collar – God, I love that poem, I love it so very much. I love how it gets increasingly annoyed with itself and how the end is the calm after the climax. In fact, the rushing urgency of the poem is very much like sex, now I think of it.

Ted Hughes has a wonderful book I can’t recommend too highly called By Heart – about the poems you should learn by heart and why.

The problem with memory is that we think we know what it is – but really, memory is much more complicated than we generally imagine. I tend to think there are three kinds of memory: recognition, recall and recollection. Recall is the one that is most ‘prized’ – particularly by the Tony Buzan’s of the world. Being able to recall pi to 300 decimal places might seem a remarkable thing to some minds – but as someone who would train huskies to turn and eat their adventurers after they had crossed the first ice field or on the call of the twentieth ‘mush’ on their way to the North Pole, I have to say the whole thing seems rather pointless to me. I’ve never really liked the ‘because it’s there’ excuse for doing anything. Recall is hard, and is often the only type of memory we bother ‘testing’ – but really, it is hard because it isn’t something that we humans actually need all that often.

We are infinitely better at recognition. We may not remember names, but by god we remember faces and what those faces have meant to us. Names are a recall task – faces a recognition task. There is a lovely experiment where people are shown a thousand photographs and asked to remember as many as they can. Generally, people are only able to remember about 2% - our recall is a very weak type of memory. But if you add another thousand photos and show them to the people again and ask which photos they have seen before then you get about 98% right, our recognition ability is almost infallible.. The point being, that if you want to remember something then you need to link it to your recognition memory, and not rely on your recall memory. The memory palaces and techniques described in this book rely on this fact and virtually this fact alone.

The third kind of memory is our most dangerous and also our most interesting. We think we ‘remember’ our lives – in much the same way that these guys spending their time memorising cards remember lists of disconnected facts – but actually, we don’t remember disconnected facts in any sense at all well. What we remember is story. And facts tend to get twisted out of recognition if they dont fit with the story we have chosen to tell. Try telling someone about a fight you had between with your partner and not only will the story prove to be rather self-serving, but much more interestingly (if there is a way to compare what you have to say with what actually happened), your ‘story’ will drop facts in ways that make for a good story – rather than a true story. We re-collect facts to fit our narrative, sometimes adding some to help the story make sense, often dropping some that add nothing or that no longer fit.

I got to witness this happening at the start of the year when I was on a jury. We watched hours of film from hotel security cameras and we listened to people, good people, trying their best to tell the truth, but being repeatedly caught out completely misremembered something. Sometimes the disbelief these witnesses felt in being proven they had misremembered a key fact – clearly shown on the videotape in complete contradiction to what they had said – was utterly remarkable to witness. I’ve known for a long time narrative-flow trumps fact every time. But I never knew quite how much that was the case until I sat in that jury box trying to decide if I could reconstruct the truth of what had happened that night from the all-too-fallible memories of a dozen or so ‘witnesses’.

My point is that you can remember as many cards as you like, but recall memory is by far the least interesting of the three types of memory we humans have. By far the most important is recollection – it is the story we tell ourselves about our lives and therefore the story that structures how we experience the world (past, present and future). This has virtually nothing to do with recall, despite what we tell ourselves – in some ways we could say recollection is the series of lies we tell to ourselves to help us make sense of our lives, but if they are lies, they are lies we believe implicitly and breathlessly.

Like I said, I quite enjoyed this – the guy got to compete in various memory events and shows that hard work brings rewards. Buzan repeatedly talks about the ‘education revolution’ his memory tricks will bring – you might notice that in the twenty years since I first noticed him his revolution hasn’t quite gotten off the ground. But then, we’ve waited longer for the second coming of Christ, so if Buzan wishes to slouch his way toward Bethlehem, who am I to stop him? He seems to be making buckets of money in his widening gyre, if nothing else.


مشاهده لینک اصلی
Deliberate/cognitive practice! Sounds just like Hank Moodys motto: Constant vigilance!

Q:
The brain best remembers things that are repeated, rhythmic, rhyming, structured, and above all easily visualized. (c)
Q:
Monotony collapses time; novelty unfolds it. You can exercise daily and eat healthily and live a long life, while experiencing a short one. If you spend your life sitting in a cubicle and passing papers, one day is bound to blend unmemorably into the next - and disappear. Thats why its so important to change routines regularly, and take vacations to exotic locales, and have as many new experiences as possible that can serve to anchor our memories. Creating new memories stretches out psychological time, and lengthens our perception of our lives. (c)
Q:
The more we remember, the better we are at processing the world. And the better we are at processing the world, the more we can remember about it. (c)
Q:
There are no limits. There are plateaus, but you must not stay there, you must go beyond them. If it kills you, it kills you. (c)
Q:
Psychologists have discovered that the most efficient method is to force yourself to type 10 to 20 percent faster than your comfort pace and to allow yourself to make mistakes. Only by watching yourself mistype at that faster speed can you figure out the obstacles that are slowing you down and overcome them. By bringing typing out of the autonomous stage and back under conscious control, it is possible to conquer the OK plateau. (c)
Q:
When the point of reading is, as it was for Peter of Ravenna, remembering, you approach a text very differently than most of us do today. Now we put a premium on reading quickly and widely, and that breeds a kind of superficiality in our reading, and in what we seek to get out of books. You can’t read a page a minute, the rate at which you’re probably reading this book, and expect to remember what you’ve read for any considerable length of time. If something is going to be made memorable, it has to be dwelled upon, repeated. (c)
Q:
Amateur musicians, for example, are more likely to spend their practice time playing music, whereas pros are more likely to work through tedious exercises or focus on specific, difficult parts of pieces. (c)
Q:
The brain is like a muscle,” he said, and memory training is a form of mental workout. Over time, like any form of exercise, it’ll make the brain fitter, quicker, and more nimble. It’s an idea that dates back to the very origins of memory training. Roman orators argued that the art of memory—the proper retention and ordering of knowledge—was a vital instrument for the invention of new ideas. (c)

مشاهده لینک اصلی
Well, Im not going to lie, this book has already got two strikes: I basically hate the genre of @I did this wacky thing for a year, and then I wrote a book about it!@, plus he is the brother of a famouser writer whom I more or less revile. But! OMG you guys, my memory is so laughably bad. And apparently this book might possibly have a side effect of helping me improve that, which would be worth slogging through a middling memoir.

***

Heres another book Im sad I never found time to review. It was a great case of proving my open-mindedness (ha)—although I went in very ready to hate, I was totally charmed by this. Moonwalking is a strange window into a very strange world; if you didnt know there was a @competitive memory@ circuit, youre in for some fun (and some bemused head-shaking). Its actually also a very good use of the @I did this wacky thing for a year, and then I wrote a book about it!@ genre, because its fascinating to watch Joshua completely embrace a new hobby and get totally embroiled in it, but Im glad he then extricated and went back to (presumably) his normal life.

Id like to say other things about this book, like to tell you about the very fascinating people youll meet herein, and the unbelievably intricate lengths people go to to build their competitive-memory chops, such as constructing @memory palaces@ completely populated with bizarre statuary and bric-a-brac, which is assigned excruciatingly specific meaning that corresponds to the thing youre trying to remember—but look, I read this book over a year ago, and I didnt actually do any of those memory-training exercises, even while I was reading, and so: nope. Nothing much more was retained.

Its a great book, though.

مشاهده لینک اصلی
Joshua Foer begins exploring memory at the US Memory Competition, where he watches people who claim to have normal memory capacity memorize lists of phone numbers, the order of decks of cards, and poems in mere minutes. Intrigued, he eventually decides to compete in the competition himself and receives help from leaders in memory techniques along the way.

Foer weaves his experience in memory training with research and a history of the practice. With a casual, story-telling style he takes you on a meandering but fascinating journey. I enjoyed that he was able to take himself seriously while also poking some fun at himself and his memory competitors. While he begins as an outsider looking in, by the end, he really seemed to become a part of this eclectic community.

I came to this book curious to know how I could improve my own unreliable memory. Foer does make a serious case that most people who dedicate themselves to learning memory techniques could learn how to do some pretty awesome party tricks. However, once I learned what that dedication required, I lost interest in doing any sort of serious memory training.

However, I think this book makes a strong point that being more aware of what were taking in, and finding ways to record it on our external memory devices like computers and notebooks, can improve our own creative output. I found it an interesting commentary on what we may have lost along the way as we have gained more ways to store and record information.

مشاهده لینک اصلی
I love his style of writing...fun and chatty. Nice introductory chapters and a technique I learned while listening on the train (for half an hour) that allowed me to come home and impress my kids by having them write down a 50-digit number and then me recalling it digit-by-digit in order for them.

I never thought about it before, but the book points out that before pen and paper, anything that needed to be preserved had to be memorized. That is why so many of the techniques mentioned in the book are from antiquity and continue to stand the test of time.

The mind likes sequential memories. Memories that are stored as part of a story that are made as multi-sensorial in the mind as possible are easily recalled. After finishing the book and applying some of the techniques, I can attest to the fact that my mind does operate in this fashion. Once a memory association is started vast amounts of information can be easily stored and retrieved. It is like knocking over the first domino in a series. They just lead into the next thought, which leads into the next. I was amazed how effortless it becomes once you get going.

The book also chronicles the author’s story of covering both the U.S. and world memory championships as a journalist that ultimately led to his own appearance in the tournament one year later. No spoilers here regarding how he did.

His story, the history of memory, and how to apply some of these memory methods make for an enjoyable book with practical applications in your daily life. I have been inspired to see how big of a memory athlete I too can become. Highly recommend.


مشاهده لینک اصلی
کتاب های مرتبط با - کتاب قدم زدن روی ماه با اینشتین


 کتاب اختر فیزیک برای افراد بی قرار
 کتاب کیهان در پوست گردو
 کتاب ساعت ساز نابینا
 کتاب بهشت زیبای خدا حقیقت دارد
 کتاب روانشناسی توده ای و تحلیل اگو
 کتاب قدم زدن روی ماه با اینشتین